ICC Champions Trophy

Last updated on 22 June 2017

The ICC Champions Trophy is a one day international (ODI) cricket tournament organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC), second in importance only to the Cricket World Cup. It was inaugurated as the ICC KnockOut Tournament in 1998 and has been played approximately every four years since. Its name was changed to the Champions Trophy in 2002.[3]

The ICC conceived the idea of the Champions Trophy - a short cricket tournament to raise funds for the development of the game in non-test playing countries, with the first tournaments being held in Bangladesh and Kenya.[4] Due to its massive commercial success[5], the tournament has been held in nations like India and England as a revenue generator for the ICC, and the number of teams has been reduced to eight. The tournament, later dubbed as the mini-World Cup as it involved all of the full members of the ICC, was planned as a knock-out tournament so that it was short and did not reduce the value and importance of the World Cup. However, from 2002, the tournament has had a round-robin format, followed by a few knockout games but the tournament still takes places over a short period of time - about two weeks.

The number of teams competing has varied over the years; originally all the ICC's full members took part, and from 2000 to 2004 associate members were also involved. Since 2009, the tournament has only involved the eight highest-ranked teams in the ICC ODI Rankings as of six months prior to the beginning of the tournament. The tournament has been held in 7 different countries since its inception, with England hosting it thrice.

A total of thirteen teams have competed in the eight editions of the tournament, with eight competing in the latest edition in 2017. Australia and India have won the tournament twice each (India's 2002 win was shared with Sri Lanka), while South Africa, New Zealand, Sri Lanka (shared with India), West Indies and Pakistan have won it once each. No non-full member team has ever crossed the first round of the Champions Trophy.

ICC Champions Trophy cricket logo.png
ICC Champions Trophy cricket logo.png

Format

Up to 2006 the Champions Trophy was held every two years. The tournament had been scheduled to be held in Pakistan in 2008 but was moved to South Africa in 2009 due to security reasons.[6] From then on it has been held every four years like the World Cup. The Champions Trophy differs from the World Cup in a number of ways. The matches in the Champions Trophy are held over a period of around two and a half weeks, while the World Cup can last for over a month. The number of teams in the Champions Trophy are much less than the World Cup, with the latest edition of the World Cup having 14 teams whereas the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy had 8 teams.

For 2002 and 2004, twelve teams played a round-robin tournament in four pools of three, with the top team in each pool moving forward to the semi-final. A team would play only four games (two in the pool, semi-final and final) to win the tournament. The format used in the Knock Out tournaments differed from the formats used in the Champions Trophy. The competition was a straight knock out, with no pools and the loser in each game being eliminated. Only eight games were played in 1998, and 10 games in 2000.

Since 2006, eight teams have played in two pools of four in a round-robin format, with the top two teams in each pool playing in the semi-finals. Losing a single match potentially means elimination from the tournament. A total of 15 matches are played in the present format of the tournament, with the tournament lasting about two and a half weeks.[7]

Tournament history

Year Host Nation(s) Final Venue Final Final Attendance
Winner Result Runner-up
1998 Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka  South Africa
248/6 (47 overs)
South Africa won by 4 wickets
Scorecard
 West Indies
245 all out (49.3 overs)
40,000
2000 Kenya
Kenya
Gymkhana Club Ground, Nairobi  New Zealand
265/6 (49.4 overs)
New Zealand won by 4 wickets
Scorecard
 India
264/6 (50 overs)
7,000
2002 Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo  Sri Lanka
244/5 (50 Overs) & 222/7 (50 Overs)
 India
14/0 (2 Overs) & 38/1 (8.4 Overs)
India and Sri Lanka declared co-champions
Scorecard 1 & Scorecard 2
None/Joint Winners 34,832
2004 England
England
The Oval, London  West Indies
218/8 (48.5 overs)
West Indies won by 2 wickets
Scorecard
 England
217 all out (49.4 overs)
18,600
2006 India
India
Brabourne Stadium, Mumbai  Australia
116/2 (28.1 overs)
Australia won by 8 wickets (D/L method)
Scorecard
 West Indies
138 all out (30.4 overs)
26,000
2009 South Africa
South Africa
SuperSport Park, Centurion  Australia
206/4 (45.2 overs)
Australia won by 6 wickets
Scorecard
 New Zealand
200/9 (50 overs)
22,456
2013 England Wales
England & Wales
Edgbaston, Birmingham  India
129/7 (20 overs)
India won by 5 runs
Scorecard
 England
124/8 (20 overs)
24,867
2017 England Wales
England & Wales
The Oval, London  Pakistan
338/4 (50 overs)
Pakistan won by 180 runs
Scorecard
 India
158 all out (30.3 overs)
26,000

Results

Thirteen nations have qualified for the Champions Trophy at least once. Seven teams have competed in every finals tournament. Seven different nations have won the title. South Africa won the inaugural tournament, India and Australia have each won twice, while New Zealand, Sri Lanka, West Indies and Pakistan have each won once. Australia (2006, 2009) is the only nation to have won consecutive titles. Bangladesh, Zimbabwe and England are the only Test playing nations who are yet to win the Champions Trophy. England has reached the final twice but lost both times (2004,2013), Bangladesh reached the semi-finals in 2017 while Zimbabwe has never got past the first round. The best result by a non-Test playing nation is the 9th rank achieved by Kenya in the ICC KnockOut Trophy 2000 and the best result by a non-Test playing nation on their debut is also the 9th rank achieved by Kenya in 2000.

Sri Lanka was the first and only host to win the tournament, in 2002, but they were declared co-champions with India as the final was twice washed out. England is the only other host to have made the final. It has achieved this twice - in 2004 and 2013. Bangladesh is the only host who did not take part in the tournament while hosting it, in 1998. Kenya in 2000, India in 2006, and South Africa in 2009 have been the only host teams that were eliminated in the first round.

Teams' performances

Comprehensive results for all teams participating in all tournaments for the ICC Champions Trophy:

Team \ Host 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2009 2013 2017 Apps
Bangladesh Kenya Sri Lanka England India South Africa England
Wales
England
Wales
 Australia QF QF SF SF 1st 1st GP GP 8
 Bangladesh P GP GP P SF 5
 England QF QF GP 2nd GP SF 2nd SF 8
 India SF 2nd 1st* GP GP GP 1st 2nd 8
 Kenya P GP GP 3
 Netherlands GP 1
 New Zealand QF 1st GP GP SF 2nd GP GP 8
 Pakistan QF SF GP SF GP SF GP 1st 8
 South Africa 1st SF SF GP SF GP SF GP 8
 Sri Lanka SF QF 1st* GP GP GP SF GP 8
 United States GP 1
 West Indies 2nd P GP 1st 2nd GP GP 7
 Zimbabwe P QF GP GP P 5
No. of Teams 9 11 12 12 10 8 8 8

Legend

  • 1st – Champion
  • 2nd – Runner-up
  • SF – Semi-finals
  • QF – Quarter-finals (1998–2000)
  • GP – Group/Pool stage – First round
  • P – Preliminary qualification stage
  • Q – Qualified
  • Apps – Appearances

Notes

  • The first two tournaments, in 1998 and 2000, were intended to raise the profile of the game in the host nations, Bangladesh and Kenya.
  • India and Sri Lanka were declared co-champions in 2002.

Overview

The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams over past ICC Champions Trophy. Teams are sorted by best performance, then by appearances, total number of wins, total number of games, and alphabetical order respectively.

Appearances Statistics
Team Total First Latest Best result Mat. Won Lost Tie NR Win%dagger
 India 8 1998 2017 Champions (2002,* 2013) 29 18 8 0 3 69.23
 Australia 8 1998 2017 Champions (2006, 2009) 24 12 8 0 4 60.00
 Sri Lanka 8 1998 2017 Champions (2002)* 27 14 11 0 2 56.00
 New Zealand 8 1998 2017 Champions (2000) 24 12 10 0 2 54.55
 South Africa 8 1998 2017 Champions (1998) 24 12 11 1 0 52.08
 Pakistan 8 1998 2017 Champions (2017) 23 11 12 0 0 47.82
 West Indies 7 1998 2013 Champions (2004) 24 13 10 1 0 56.25
 England 8 1998 2017 Runners-up (2004, 2013) 25 14 11 0 0 56.00
 Bangladesh 5 2000 2017 Semi-finals (2017) 12 2 9 0 1 18.18
 Zimbabwe 5 1998 2006 Quarter-finals (2000) 9 0 9 0 0 0.00
 Kenya 3 2000 2004 Pool/Group (2002, 2004) 5 0 5 0 0 0.00
 Netherlands 1 2002 2002 Pool stage (2002) 2 0 2 0 0 0.00
 United States 1 2004 2004 Group stage (2004) 2 0 2 0 0 0.00
Last Updated: 18 June 2017
Source: Cricinfo

India and Sri Lanka were declared joint winners in 2002.

dagger The Win percentage excludes matches with no result and counts ties as half a win.

Year 1998 ICC Knock Out tournament

Won by  South Africa

All of the matches in the 1998 tournament were played in Bangladesh at Bangabandhu National Stadium. The tournament was won by South Africa who beat West Indies in the final. Philo Wallace of West Indies was the leading run scorer in the tournament of scoring 221 runs. This was the first and till date the only ICC event won by South Africa.

Year 2000 ICC Knock Out tournament

Won by  New Zealand

All of the matches in the 2000 tournament were played in Nairobi, Kenya. All the test playing nations participated in the tournament along with inals, involving Kenya, India, Sri Lanka, West Indies, Bangladesh and England. The tournament was won by New Zealand who beat India in the final. Indian skipper Sourav Ganguly (348) was the leading run scorer in this tournament. Venkatesh Prasad (8) was the leading wicket taker. This was the first and till date the only ICC event won by New Zealand.

2002 ICC Champions Trophy

Won by  India/ Sri Lanka (Declared Co-Champions)

The 2002 ICC Champions Trophy was held in Sri Lanka, and included the 10 ICC Test playing nations including the newly appointed full member Bangladesh, Kenya (ODI status) and the 2001 ICC Trophy winners Netherlands. The final between India and Sri Lanka was washed out due to rain twice to leave no result. First, Sri Lanka played 50 overs and then India played two overs before the rain caused interruption. The next day, Sri Lanka again played 50 overs and India played eight overs. In the end India and Sri Lanka were declared joint winners. The teams played 110 overs, but there was no result. Virender Sehwag (271) had the highest number of runs in the tournament and Muralitharan (10) had the highest number of wickets.[8]

2004 ICC Champions Trophy

Won by  West Indies

ICC CT 2004 was held in England and the nations competing included the ten ICC Test nations, Kenya (ODI status), and – making their One Day International debut – the United States who qualified by winning the recent 2004 ICC Six Nations Challenge. The completion was more like a knockout series where teams losing even one game at the group stage were out of the tournament. The 12 teams were divided into 4 groups and the table topper from each group played semi finals. ENG defeated AUS in the 1st semi-final to make their 4th appearance in final of an ICC event. PAK lost to WI in the second semi final, which was a low scoring game. In the final game the WI team under Lara's leadership won a tense match with the help of wicket keeper C Browne and tailender Ian Bradshaw.

2006 ICC Champions Trophy

Won by  Australia

The 2006 ICC Champions Trophy was held in India with the final on 5 November 2006. A new format was used. Eight teams were competing in the group phase: the top six teams in the ICC ODI Championship on 1 April 2006, plus two teams chosen from the other four Test-playing teams Sri Lanka, West Indies, Bangladesh and Zimbabwe, chosen from a pre-tournament round robin qualifying round. West Indies and Sri Lanka qualified ahead of Bangladesh and Zimbabwe.

The eight teams were then split into two groups of four in a round robin competition. While Australia and West Indies qualified from Group A, South Africa and New Zealand qualified from Group B for the semifinals. Australia and West Indies reached the final defeating New Zealand and South Africa, respectively. In the final, Australia beat West Indies by 8 wickets to win the trophy for the first time. The venues for the tournament were Mohali, Ahmedabad, Jaipur and Mumbai.

2009 ICC Champions Trophy (postponed from 2008)

Won by  Australia

In 2006, the ICC selected Pakistan to host the 2008 ICC Champions Trophy.

On 24 August 2008 it was announced that the 2008 ICC Champions Trophy in Pakistan has been postponed to October 2009 as several countries were reluctant to visit Pakistan for security reasons. However, due to the crowded international schedule around that date, and concerns about whether the security situation would have changed by that time, there was widespread scepticism whether it would actually take place in 2009.[6]

On 16 March 2009, an announcement was made that the ICC has recommended that the 2009 ICC Champions Trophy be moved from Pakistan to South Africa.[9]

On 2 April 2009, Cricket South Africa confirmed that it would host the 2009 ICC Champions Trophy from 24 September to 5 October. The Board accepted recommendations from the ICC that Liberty Life Wanderers (Johannesburg) and Supersport Park (Centurion) be the host venues. The details of SA’s hosting of the Champions Trophy were ironed out at a meeting between CSA’s CEO Gerald Majola and ICC general manager – Commercial, Campbell Jamieson. Majola confirmed that the six warm-up games will be played at Benoni’s Willowmoore Park, and Senwes Park in Potchefstroom.[10]

Australia beat England by 9 wickets in the 1st semi-final, and New Zealand beat Pakistan by 5 wickets in the 2nd semi-final, to set up a final that saw Australia beat New Zealand by 6 wickets, in 45.2 overs.

2013 ICC Champions Trophy

Won by  India

England and Wales hosted the 2013 Champions Trophy.[11] England became the only country to host the Champions Trophy twice.[12] Australia failed to win a single game in their group, and were knocked out along with New Zealand in Group A. Pakistan lost all three games in Group B and were knocked out along with West Indies. England and Sri Lanka from Group A, and India and South Africa from Group B, made it to the semi-finals.

India and England won their respective games against Sri Lanka and South Africa comprehensively and the final between the two took place on 23 June 2013. India beat England by 5 runs at Edgbaston, winning their second title, although their first title, in 2002, was shared with Sri Lanka due to the final being washed out. Ravindra Jadeja was adjudged man of the match and he also received the "Golden Ball" for taking the most wickets in the tournament. Shikhar Dhawan received the "Golden Bat" for scoring the most runs in the series and was also adjudged the Man of the Series for his consistent outstanding performances. MS Dhoni became the first captain in history to win all three major ICC trophies - World Cup in 2011, World T20 in 2007 and this edition of the Champions Trophy.

2017 ICC Champions Trophy

Won by  Pakistan[13]

In the lead-up to the 2013 tournament, the ICC announced that the 2013 Champions Trophy was to be the last,[14] with its place in the cricketing calendar to be taken by a new ICC World Test Championship.[15] However, in January 2014, that decision was reversed, due to the massive success of the 2013 edition, with the ICC confirming that the 2017 Champions Trophy tournament would take place and the proposed Test Championship was cancelled.[16] England and Wales hosted the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy. England became the only country to host the Champions Trophy thrice, and England and Wales became the only countries to host the ICC Champions Trophy consecutively, also hosting the 2013 edition. Bangladesh replaced the West Indies, who finished outside the top eight in ninth position, in the ICC ODI Team Rankings on the cut-off date. Bangladesh returned to the ICC Champions Trophy for the first time since 2006, and, for the first time, the West Indies failed to qualify.

Security around the tournament was increased following the Ariana Grande concert attack in Manchester, just before the start of the competition. The International Cricket Council (ICC) announced that they would review security concerns.[17][18] The 15 games played in the tournament were held across three venues - The Oval in London, Edgbaston Cricket Ground in Birmingham and Sophia Gardens in Cardiff. India did not announce their squad by the 25 April deadline due to what it described as "operational" reasons, although this was widely seen as a protest by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) in an ongoing disagreement with the ICC over finance and governance.[19] After interference from senior officials, the Indian squad was finally named on 8 May 2017.[20] Pakistan's Shoaib Malik played in his sixth consecutive Champions Trophy.[21]

Rain and poor weather affected 5 of the 15 matches played in the tournament.[22] The top two teams in the ICC ODI Rankings at the time (South Africa and Australia) were knocked out in the group stage, with Australia not winning a single game out of their three.[23] 2015 World Cup finalists New Zealand were also knocked out in the group stage, also not winning a single game, along with Sri Lanka. Thus, England and Bangladesh from Group A, and India and Pakistan from Group B qualified for the semi-finals. Pakistan beat England comfortably in the first semi-final, winning by 8 wickets with almost 13 overs to spare to make their first final ever in the Champions Trophy. India beat Bangladesh in the second semi-final, also winning comfortably by 9 wickets, in what was Bangladesh's first semi-final in an ICC tournament.[24]

Arch-rivals India and Pakistan took each other on in the final of a tournament for the first time since 2007, with the final taking place at The Oval in London.[24] It was India's fourth appearance and Pakistan's maiden appearance in a Champions Trophy final. In an anti-climax, considering India were the clear favourites, Pakistan beat India comfortably by 180 runs, outclassing them in all three departments.[25][26] Pakistan, who were massive underdogs[27] as they were the lowest-ranked team in the competition, won their first Champions Trophy title and became the seventh nation to win it. Fakhar Zaman of Pakistan received the Man of the Match award for scoring a sublime 114.[28] Shikhar Dhawan of India received the "Golden Bat" award for scoring 338 runs[29] while Hasan Ali of Pakistan received the "Golden Ball" award for taking 13 wickets; he was also adjudged the Man of the Series for his outstanding contribution towards Pakistan's first ICC ODI tournament title since 1992.[30]

The prize money for the 2017 edition of the ICC Champions Trophy was increased by half a million dollars from 2013 to a total of $4.5 million. The winning team got a cheque of $2.2 million and the runner-up got $1.1 million. The other two semifinalists earned $450,000 each. Teams finishing third in each group took home $90,000 each, while the teams finishing last in each group got $60,000 each.[31]

2021 ICC Champions Trophy

In the lead-up to the 2017 tournament, the ICC had proposed starting an ODI League in 2019, which would have most likely led to the Champions Trophy getting scrapped.[32] If the 2021 Champions Trophy does go ahead, it is due to be played in India. Following the 2017 Champions Trophy, David Richardson (the ICC CEO) stated that the future status of the Champions Trophy was undecided, with both a possible Test league and additional World T20 putting additional pressure of fixtures.[33]

Debut of teams

Team appearing for the first time, in alphabetical order per year.

Year Debutants Total
1998  Australia,  England,  India,  New Zealand,  Pakistan,  South Africa,  Sri Lanka,  West Indies,  Zimbabwe 9
2000  Bangladesh,  Kenya 2
2002  Netherlands 1
2004  United States 1
2006 none 0
2009 none 0
2013 none 0
2017 none 0
Total 13

Records

National team Final appearances Winners Runners-up Years won Years runners-up
 India 4 2* 2 2002, 2013 2000, 2017
 Australia 2 2 - 2006, 2009 -
 West Indies 3 1 2 2004 1998, 2006
 New Zealand 2 1 1 2000 2009
 Pakistan 1 1 - 2017 -
 South Africa 1 1 - 1998 -
 Sri Lanka 1 1* - 2002 -
 England 2 - 2 - 2004, 2013

*Joint Champions in 2002

Most consecutive wins: India & West Indies with 6 matches.

Batting

Most tournament runs

Rank Runs Player Team Matches Innings Period
1 799 Gayle, ChrisChris Gayle  West Indies 17 17 2002-2013
2 742 Jayawardene, MahelaMahela Jayawardene  Sri Lanka 22 21 2000–2013
3 701 Dhawan, ShikharShikhar Dhawan  India 10 10 2013–present
4 683 Sangakkara, KumarKumar Sangakkara  Sri Lanka 22 21 2000-2013
5 665 Ganguly, SouravSourav Ganguly  India 13 11 1998–2004
Last updated: 18 June 2017[1]

Highest individual score

Rank Runs Player Team Opposition Venue Date
1 145* Astle, NathanNathan Astle  New Zealand  United States The Oval, London, England 10 September 2004
2 145 Flower, AndyAndy Flower  Zimbabwe  India R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo, Sri Lanka 14 September 2002
3 141* Ganguly, SouravSourav Ganguly  India  South Africa Gymkhana Club Ground, Nairobi, Kenya 13 October 2000
4 141 Tendulkar, SachinSachin Tendulkar  India  Australia Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka, Bangladesh 28 October 1998
5 141 Smith, GraemeGraeme Smith  South Africa  England SuperSport Park, Centurion, South Africa 27 September 2009
Last updated: 4 June 2017[34]

Bowling

Most tournament wickets

Rank Wickets Player Team Matches Innings Period
1 28 Mills, KyleKyle Mills  New Zealand 15 15 2002–2013
=2 24 Muralitharan, MuttiahMuttiah Muralitharan  Sri Lanka 17 15 1998–2009
Malinga, LasithLasith Malinga  Sri Lanka 15 15 2006–present
4 22 Lee, BrettBrett Lee  Australia 16 15 2000–2009
=5 21 McGrath, GlennGlenn McGrath  Australia 12 12 2000–2006
Anderson, JamesJames Anderson  England 12 12 2006–2013
Last updated: 11 June 2017[2]

Best figures in an innings

Rank Figures Player Team Opposition Venue Date
1 6/14 Maharoof, FarveezFarveez Maharoof  Sri Lanka  West Indies Brabourne Stadium, Mumbai, India 14 October 2006
2 6/52 Hazlewood, JoshJosh Hazlewood  Australia  New Zealand Edgbaston, Birmingham, England 2 June 2017
3 5/11 Afridi, ShahidShahid Afridi  Pakistan  Kenya Edgbaston, Birmingham, England 14 September 2004
4 5/21 Ntini, MakhayaMakhaya Ntini  South Africa  Pakistan Punjab Cricket Association IS Bindra Stadium, Mohali, India 27 October 2006
5 5/29 Dillon, MervynMervyn Dillon  West Indies  Bangladesh The Rose Bowl, Southampton, England 15 September 2004
Last updated: 4 June 2017[35]

By tournament

Year Player of the final Player of the tournament Most runs Most wickets
1998 South Africa Jacques Kallis South Africa Jacques Kallis West Indies Cricket Board Philo Wallace (221) South Africa Jacques Kallis (8)
2000 New Zealand Chris Cairns Not awarded India Sourav Ganguly (348) India Venkatesh Prasad (8)
2002 Not awarded Not awarded India Virender Sehwag (271) Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan (10)
2004 West Indies Cricket Board Ian Bradshaw West Indies Cricket Board Ramnaresh Sarwan England Marcus Trescothick (261) England Andrew Flintoff (9)
2006 Australia Shane Watson West Indies Cricket Board Chris Gayle West Indies Cricket Board Chris Gayle (474) West Indies Cricket Board Jerome Taylor (13)
2009 Australia Shane Watson Australia Ricky Ponting Australia Ricky Ponting (288) South Africa Wayne Parnell (11)
2013 India Ravindra Jadeja India Shikhar Dhawan India Shikhar Dhawan (363) India Ravindra Jadeja (12)
2017 Pakistan Fakhar Zaman Pakistan Hasan Ali India Shikhar Dhawan (338) Pakistan Hasan Ali (13)

References

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