Allendale, New Jersey

Allendale is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 6,505, reflecting a decline of 194 (-2.9%) from the 6,699 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 799 (+13.5%) from the 5,900 counted in the 1990 Census.

Allendale Downtown.jpg
Downtown Allendale
Bergen County New Jersey Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Allendale Highlighted.svg
Map highlighting Allendale's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Allendale, New Jersey.png
Census Bureau map of Allendale, New Jersey

History

Allendale was formed on November 8, 1894, from portions of Franklin Township (remainder now Wyckoff), Hohokus Township (now Mahwah) and Orvil Township (remainder now Waldwick). The borough was formed during the "Boroughitis" phenomenon then sweeping through Bergen County, in which 26 boroughs were formed in the county in 1894 alone. The borough was named for the William C. Allen, a surveyor for the Erie Railroad.

Babe Ruth would frequently vacation at the Allendale Hotel, which remains in use as a rooming house.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 3.119 square miles (8.076 km2), including 3.097 square miles (8.020 km2) of land and 0.022 square miles (0.056 km2) of water (0.69%).

The borough borders the Bergen County municipalities of Mahwah, Ramsey, Saddle River, Waldwick, and Wyckoff.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 694
1910 937 35.0%
1920 1,165 24.3%
1930 1,730 48.5%
1940 2,058 19.0%
1950 2,409 17.1%
1960 4,092 69.9%
1970 6,240 52.5%
1980 5,901 −5.4%
1990 5,900 0.0%
2000 6,699 13.5%
2010 6,505 −2.9%
Est. 2015 6,822 4.9%
Population sources: 1900-1920
1900-1910 1910-1930
1900-2010 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,505 people, 2,236 households, and 1,798 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,100.7 per square mile (811.1/km2). There were 2,388 housing units at an average density of 771.2 per square mile (297.8/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 87.41% (5,686) White, 0.51% (33) Black or African American, 0.05% (3) Native American, 9.64% (627) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.83% (54) from other races, and 1.57% (102) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.67% (304) of the population.

There were 2,236 households out of which 42.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.8% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.6% were non-families. 17.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.25.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 18.6% from 25 to 44, 32.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.5 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 89.0 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $131,563 (with a margin of error of +/- $22,630) and the median family income was $150,268 (+/- $26,670). Males had a median income of $121,089 (+/- $19,180) versus $71,534 (+/- $36,833) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $60,466 (+/- $8,969). About 1.0% of families and 1.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Same-sex couples headed 17 households in 2010, an increase from the 1 counted in 2000.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 6,699 people, 2,110 households, and 1,795 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,143.9 people per square mile (829.0/km2). There were 2,143 housing units at an average density of 685.8 per square mile (265.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 92.48% White, 0.39% African American, 0.06% Native American, 6.09% Asian, 0.46% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.54% of the population.

There were 2,110 households out of which 47.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 77.5% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.9% were non-families. 13.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the borough the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $105,704, and the median income for a family was $113,390. Males had a median income of $88,210 versus $50,781 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $47,772. About 1.6% of families and 1.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Allendale NJ Artwork.JPG
Building In Allendale covered with artwork by local artists

Culture

Allendale is home to the "Celery Farm," a nature preserve that is home to hundreds of animals, including fox, deer, rabbits, frogs, turtles, rodents, and most notably exotic birds. Many rare birds have been observed by ornithologists including a bald eagle, a common raven, and a pileated woodpecker. A full list of birds and their frequency of appearance can be found online.

There is a variety of recreation opportunities throughout the borough, including Crestwood Park, a man-made lake with three diving boards, three beaches, and six swim lanes. Included in the Park is a recreational barn, three baseball / softball fields, two soccer / football fields, a lacrosse field, and four tennis courts.

Several episodes of the television show Ed were filmed in Allendale, including a Thanksgiving Day Parade episode. The movie Presumed Innocent, starring Harrison Ford and Bonnie Bedelia, was partially filmed in Allendale.

Government

Local government

Allendale is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Allendale, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council. The Mayor and Borough Council conduct all of their business during monthly meetings open to the public. All Legislative powers of the Borough are exercised by the Mayor and Council. These powers can take the form of a resolution, ordinance or proclamation. The Mayor presides at all meetings of the Council. At Workshop meetings, the governing body discusses and debates proposed resolutions, ordinances and other policy matters. These meetings are open to the public, and members of the public may participate at an appropriate time at the meeting.

As of 2017, the Mayor of Allendale is Republican Elizabeth M. "Liz" White, whose term of office ends December 31, 2018. Members of the Borough Council are Ari G. Bernstein (R, 2019), Liz Homan (R, 2018), Jackie McSwiggan (R, 2017), Stephen J. Sasso (R, 2019), Jim Strauch (R, 2018) and Amy Wilczynski (R, 2017).

In January 2015, the Borough Council selected Liz Homan to fill Liz White's vacant council seat on an interim basis until the November 2015 general election.

Federal, state and county representation

Allendale is located in the 5th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 40th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Allendale had been in the 39th state legislative district.

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Josh Gottheimer (D, Wyckoff). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).

For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 40th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Kevin J. O'Toole (R, Cedar Grove) and in the General Assembly by David C. Russo (R, Ridgewood) and Kevin J. Rooney (R, Wyckoff). Rooney was sworn into office on December 12, 2016, to fill the seat of Scott Rumana, who had resigned from office on October 20, 2016, to become a judge of the New Jersey Superior Court. The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).

Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. As of 2015, the County Executive is James J. Tedesco III (D, Paramus; term ends December 31, 2018). The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January. Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2017; Fort Lee), Vice Chairman Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington) Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge), David L. Ganz (D, 2017; Fair Lawn), Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes) Thomas J. Sullivan Jr., (D, Montvale, 2015; serving the unexpired term of office that had been occupied by James Tedesco before he was sworn in as County Executive) and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes). Countywide constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale), Sheriff Michael Saudino (R) and Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill).

Politics

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 4,537 registered voters in Allendale, of which 860 (19.0% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,690 (37.2% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 1,983 (43.7% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 69.7% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 97.4% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).

In the 2016 presidential election, Democrat Hillary Clinton received 1,759 votes (46.6% vs. 54.2% countywide), ahead of Republican Donald Trump with 1,756 votes (46.5% vs. 41.1% countywide) and other candidates with 132 votes (3.5% vs 3.0% countywide), among the 3,773 ballots cast by the borough's 5,162 registered voters for a turnout of 73.1% (vs. 73% in Bergen County). In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 2,057 votes (60.3% vs. 43.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,322 votes (38.7% vs. 54.8%) and other candidates with 25 votes (0.7% vs. 0.9%), among the 3,413 ballots cast by the borough's 4,834 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.6% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County). In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 2,033 votes (56.4% vs. 44.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,537 votes (42.7% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 16 votes (0.4% vs. 0.8%), among the 3,602 ballots cast by the borough's 4,613 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.1% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County). In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 2,108 votes (59.5% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 1,398 votes (39.4% vs. 51.7%) and other candidates with 32 votes (0.9% vs. 0.7%), among the 3,545 ballots cast by the borough's 4,458 registered voters, for a turnout of 79.5% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 73.4% of the vote (1,524 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 24.9% (517 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (34 votes), among the 2,104 ballots cast by the borough's 4,648 registered voters (29 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 45.3%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,415 votes (59.5% vs. 45.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 795 votes (33.4% vs. 48.0%), Independent Chris Daggett with 137 votes (5.8% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 9 votes (0.4% vs. 0.5%), among the 2,378 ballots cast by the borough's 4,557 registered voters, yielding a 52.2% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).

Education

Brookside school field.jpg
The field at Brookside School

The Allendale School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its two schools had an enrollment of 913 students and 71.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.9:1. Schools in the district (with 2014-15 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics.) are Hillside School served 351 students in pre-kindergarten to 3rd grade and Brookside School served 450 students from 4th to 8th grades.

Public school students in Allendale for ninth through twelfth grades attend Northern Highlands Regional High School, which also serves students from Ho-Ho-Kus, Upper Saddle River and some of Saddle River's students (who have the option of attending either Northern Highlands or Ramsey High School, as part of sending/receiving relationships with the two districts). As of the 2014-15 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 1,373 students and 115.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.9:1. New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Northern Highlands Regional High School as the 22nd-best high school of the 328 ranked schools in New Jersey in its 2012 rankings of the "Top Public High Schools" after being ranked 6th of 322 schools in 2010.

Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 33.47 miles (53.86 km) of roadways, of which 24.99 miles (40.22 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.10 miles (13.04 km) by Bergen County and 0.38 miles (0.61 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Allendale is accessible from Route 17. The main roads in Allendale are Franklin Turnpike, Allendale Avenue, Brookside Avenue, and Crescent Avenue.

Interstate 287 is accessible in Franklin Lakes and neighboring Mahwah.

Public transportation

NJ Transit provides train service at the Allendale station located at Allendale Avenue, Myrtle Avenue and Park Avenue. There are two ticket vending machines and a shelter at the southbound platform, with an underpass to transfer between the northbound and southbound platforms. The station provides service on both Main Line and Bergen County Line trains. The lines offer service to Hoboken Terminal, with transfers available at Secaucus Junction to Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan and to most of New Jersey Transit's other train lines.

Coach USA / Short Line offers bus service between Allendale and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan.

There is no NJ Transit bus service in Allendale.

Sister city

Allendale is a sister city of Ōmachi, Saga in Japan.

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Allendale include:

Sources

  • Municipal Incorporations of the State of New Jersey (according to Counties) prepared by the Division of Local Government, Department of the Treasury (New Jersey); December 1, 1958.
  • History of Bergen and Passaic Counties, New Jersey, with Biographical Sketches of Many of its Pioneers and Prominent Men., Philadelphia: Everts and Peck, 1882.
  • Harvey, Cornelius Burnham (ed.), Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Genealogical Publishing Co., 1900.
  • Van Valen, James M. History of Bergen County, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Publishing and Engraving Co., 1900.
  • Westervelt, Frances A. (Frances Augusta), 1858-1942, History of Bergen County, New Jersey, 1630-1923, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1923.

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